Below are short descriptions of a few common eye conditions we commonly see and treat.
Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)
is the medical term used when the vision in one of the eyes is reduced because the eye and the brain are not working together properly. The eye itself looks normal, but it is not being used normally because the brain is favoring the other eye. This condition is also sometimes called lazy eye. Ideally, we can diagnose this early and treatments are available in the form of eye exercises and vision therapy.
is when you have bacteria and oily flakes at the base of your eyelashes. Your eyelids are red, swollen, or feel like they are burning. Blepharitis is very common, especially among people who have oily skin, dandruff or dry eyes. If left untreated, your eyelashes can fall out!
are a clouding of the normally clear lens of your eye. For people who have cataracts, seeing through cloudy lenses is a bit like looking through a frosty or fogged-up window. As they progress, it becomes harder to read and perform normal tasks. When your daily life is disrupted by them, a cataract surgery to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with a clear new one is recommended. This is the most common procedure done in the United States.
Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)
is inflammation of the outermost layer of the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelid. It makes the eye appear pink or reddish. There may also be pain, burning, scratchiness, or itchiness. The affected eye may have increased tears or be "stuck shut" in the morning. This can be bacterial or viral in nature and most resolve in 2-3 weeks. In some cases, antibiotics are prescribed along with hot compresses to reduce the healing time.
Diabetic Eye Disease
People with diabetes can have an eye disease called diabetic retinopathy. This is when high blood sugar levels cause damage to blood vessels in the retina. These blood vessels can swell and leak. Permanent vision loss is possible if left untreated. Vision may fluctuate during periods of high blood sugar. Annual eye exams are recommend to monitor and changes inside the eyes.
Dry Eye Syndrome
is a condition where the eyes don't produce enough tears or the right quality of tears to be healthy or comfortable. Other symptoms include irritation, redness, discharge, and easily fatigued eyes. There are a number of treatments, depending on your specific case.
is a group of diseases that damage the eye's optic nerve and can result in vision loss and blindness. However, with early detection and treatment, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss. In some cases the pressure inside the eye get so high that it pinches off part of the optic nerve. Regular eye exams monitor your eye pressure. While there is no cure for glaucoma, there are medications and surgery available that can help halt further vision loss. Early detection and regular eye exams are vital to slowing the progress of the disease.
is the leading cause of vision loss, affecting more than 10 million Americans – more than cataracts and glaucoma combined. It occurs when the small central portion of the retina, known as the macula, deteriorates. Patients with macular degeneration, or AMD, progressively lose their central vision and find it harder to see things that are directly in front of them.
is when your eyes gradually lose the ability to see things clearly up close. It is a normal part of aging. You may start to notice presbyopia shortly after age 40. You will probably find that you hold reading materials farther away in order to see. This is the time your doctor may suggest getting a bifocal in your glasses.